Architecture

The Big Idea: Architecture is the art of designing buildings.

Core Knowledge:

V.  Architecture
• Understand architecture as the art of designing buildings.
• Understand symmetry and a line of symmetry, and observe symmetry in the design of
some buildings (such as the Parthenon).
• Noting line, shape, and special features (such as columns and domes), look at
The Parthenon

Parthenon

Where can we find copies of the Parthenon?

Nashville, Tennessee

Class 1 Parthenon:

Purpose: Observe symmetry in the Parthenon and deepen that experience by designing and symmetrical building.

Here is what the Parthenon would look like if we look from above. Each circle represents a column.

From a bird's eye view

Columns support the roof of the building. Of the three types of Greek columns, the Parthenon uses the Doric type:

Doric column

The Doric column is the simples of the 3 Greek columns. It is a shaft with no base. Sitting like a crown on the shaft is the capital. Doric capitals are the plainest; a circle topped by a square. It’s plain but powerful!

For more information see Mr. Donn’s lessons.

Other famous columns…

Thomas Jefferson's home- Monticello!

Project: Building challenge! You and your team are important architects. Design a building that has a special purpose, such as a place where children can meet to talk about ideas or play games. On one side of your paper draw a plan of the building. On the other side draw what the building would look like three dimensionally.

Columns Project:

Class 1 (above discussion of Parthenon, symmetry and plans).

Class 2

Review the purpose of columns, especially the Doric order. Review Parthenon in Athens. Show students some local buildings that use columns to support it (our school, State Capitol building, local banks, etc.).

Using cardboard tubes, each student will build a Doric column.

a. Clean anything off of your tube. Write your name on a slip of paper and put it inside the tube.

b. Paint the tube white. In our classroom we have many baby food jar lids. Paint those white to use as the saucer-shaped part of the capital. While those are drying, cut out the part to top the column.

c. Hot glue the lid to the column.

I’ll make a stylobate and our entire class will place their columns on this. Then on top of those columns we’ll place a roof.

Your building must:

1. Use columns to support a roof.

2. Be symmetrical from either an above view or from the front.

Class 2 Parthenon follow up: add to what we know about the Parthenon. Finish our columns. Draw capitals on the tops, lines going up and down

What are those grooves going up and down on the columns?

Why are they there?

Vocabulary 

Doric-

Class 3 Frank Lloyd Wright, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum.

Newspaper Challenge: In 20 minutes re-create the Guggenheim Museum. If you can do that, create a copy that could hold a dictionary!

Class 4 South American Architecture:

South American:

Mayan temples at Copan-

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About Ms. O

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